Agronomy Articles



Seed and Chemical Options

By Matt Pechholt, Agronomist, Lyons

Wow, what a great start to November. The forecast looks great for the rest of this month. Fertilizer spreading and fall work are steady. Now is a good time to lock in seed orders. The earlier you have a conversation with your local CFC agronomist, the better the odds are of getting the right hybrid and seed size you would like. Placement of the right hybrid on the right acre is the foundation of growing a bountiful crop, if Mother Nature decides to cooperate. CFC has many options of trait packages and herbicide traits to fill all your needs.

Along with getting seed booked, the next major thing we need to have in the back of our mind is chemical planning for next year. We all saw some pros and cons in each chemical program this year so be sure to bring those up to your local agronomist so changes can be made if needed. There are a lot of chemical options out there and we are here to help you sort through them and find what will work best in your fields. I hope everyone is in good spirits and has a wonderful holiday season with family.




Continuous Corn Managment

By Allen Johansen, Seed Lead

Research has indicated that maximizing corn yield potential in a continuous corn production system is challenging compared to systems with crop rotation. A six-year study by the University of Illinois identified a continuous corn yield reduction of 9 to 42 bushels per acre when compared to corn following soybeans. Below are a few things to take into consideration.

Management - Fields selected for continuous corn should have soils with good drainage, high water holding capacity, high fertility, little to no compaction problems, and low insect and disease pressure.

Residue - High-yielding corn can leave residue that can reduce emergence, seedling establishment, standability, and even yield potential of the next crop. High levels of corn residues can reduce soil temperatures, N availability, and favor the survival of some insects and diseases. To help control the residue farmers may need to use tillage or strip-till to breakdown the residue. Also adding attachments such as stalk chopping corn heads, straw choppers, or post-harvest shredding can be helpful.

Product Selection - Hybrids should be selected with strong ratings in emergence, seedling vigor, disease resistance, and root and stalk strength. Hybrids with higher emergence and seedling vigor ratings have a better chance of pushing through cool, wet, heavy residue. Prior year residue can contain pathogens for diseases such as northern corn leaf blight, gray leaf spot, Goss’s wilt, and Diplodia stalk rot; therefore, higher tolerance or resistance to these is beneficial for continuous corn production. The chances of feeding by corn rootworm and other pests during the growing season is higher with continuous corn. To help protect against these insects, products with multiple modes of insect trait protection for above and below ground insects may be an option.

Seed Treatments – When planting the seed, seedling pathogens and soil insects, such as wireworms, seed corn maggots and grubs can be a threat, especially when heavy residue is present. Seed treatments with fungicide and insecticide protection can help protect seedlings during emergence and early establishment. Another consideration is planting corn on corn acres last because residue is likely to keep the soil wetter and cooler.

Now is the best time to start looking at your 2024 seed selections to make sure we can receive the products that best fit your acres and to maximize discounts. Please reach out to one of our agronomists who would be happy to help you with your next seed decision!




CropMax Technology

By Andrew Stapleton, Precision Ag Manager

CMT is a program that offers several features to benefit the grower and their return on investment.

  • Grid Soil Sampling
  • Yield Analysis
  • Variable Rate Fertilizer
  • Variable Rate Seeding
  • Scouting
  • Tissue Sample Analysis
  • Data Collection/Analysis
  • Drone Imagery/Stand Counts

The 2023 soil sampling season is here and is a great start to being more precise with placement of your fertilizer to address problem areas as well as maintaining those high production areas of your field. Combining soil results with as much yield data that you can provide is important for analyzing and ground truthing variable rate fertilizer maps. We offer 5-acre or the more robust 2.5-acre grid sampling. If interested in signing up a few fields or the whole farm, please reach out to your local CFC sales agronomist.





Agronomy Staff

Jeff Schmiesing
Agronomy Dept. Manager
Cell: 605-940-7665
Allen Johansen
Seed Lead
Cell: 605-661-4882

Andy Stapleton
Precision Ag Manager
Cell: 605-201-3130
Greg Bartmann
Marion Agronomist
Cell: 605-661-6993
Jeff Schaefer
Marion Agronomist
Cell: 605-661-3010
Leo Hoiten
Marion Agronomist
Cell: 605-771-9881
Cody Plamp
Dimock Agronomist
Cell: 605-999-2281
Chris Rutledge
Irene Agronomist
Cell: 605-660-4146
Mathieu Pechholt
Lyons Agronomist
Cell: 605-350-1948
Brian Nelson
Salem Agronomist
Cell: 605-941-8852
Damien Fuerst
Scotland Agronomist
Cell: 605-660-6878
Clay Hespe
Tyndall Agronomist
Cell: 605-421-1636